Monday 26 June 2017

Original Art: Garth on Heritage - The Mask of Atacama (G176)

G176 "The Mask of Atacama" Drawn by Frank Bellamy
This is the second of the Ethan Roberts Collection to be auctioned on Heritage in the last month from the Garth story "Mask of Atacama".  Heritage Auctions are trickling out the Bellamy parts of the collection one by one.  Interestingly they decided to 'hide' this behind the login process as it is deemed to have "adult content". So I've done you a favour and shown it here

Heritage describe this piece:
Frank Bellamy Garth Daily Comic Strip G-176 Original Art dated 7-26-73 (Daily Mirror, 1973). This daily strip from the storyline "The Mask of Atacama" is done in fantastic chiaroscuro style by Frank Bellamy, at the end of his career. Produced in ink over graphite on illustration board with an image area of 20.5" x 5.25", there is very slight toning and a corner bend. In Excellent condition. Adult content. From the Ethan Roberts Estate Collection. 
Want to read more? I showed these previously when the other strip from the story sold for $525.80 with 9 bids

So for extra added value here are the next 6 strips in the series taken from Menomonee Falls Gazette #163

WHERE?: Heritage Sunday Internet Comics Auction #121727 (Sign-in required to see image)
ENDING PRICE:$382.40 = £295.79 inc. Buyer's premium
No of bids:4
END DATE: 2 July 2017

Tuesday 20 June 2017

Original Art: Garth on Heritage - The Orb of Trimandias (F100)

F100 "The Orb of Trimandias" Drawn by Frank Bellamy
"The Orb of Trimandias" story began in the Daily Mirror newspaper on 28 January 1972. The original art from one of the episodes is available from Heritage Auction.  This is a really interesting story that one day I might research a bit further (although I did some work earlier) as it concerns Leonardo Da Vinci and the Borgias. The start of the adventure is when Garth and Professor Lumiére are visiting "Count Giovanni Cometti in the magnificent Palazzo Livorno in Venice". The Count shows Garth an interesting drawing by Da Vinci which is an exact likeness of Garth, but was allegedly of Lord Carthewan, an English adventurer and soldier of fortune from the 16th Century.

Heritage describe the piece:
Frank Bellamy Garth #F.100 Daily Comic Strip Original Art (Daily Mirror, 1972). Frank Bellamy had a long and rich career before he took over the long-running comic strip Garth (1943-97) in 1971. He handled the art for this UK series until his death in 1976. Previously Bellamy had illustrated tales in Mickey Mouse Weekly, Swift, Boy's World, Look and Learn, Eagle, and TV Century 21 (where he illustrated many Gerry Anderson creations including the Thunderbirds). This daily from the "Orb Of Trimandias" storyline is wonderfully detailed in ink over graphite on illustration board with an image area of 20.5" x 5.25". In Excellent condition. From the Ethan Roberts Estate Collection. 
This story ran from 28 January 1972 - 22 May 1972 - (F24-F121) and was reprinted several times. The first time was in The Daily Mirror Book of Garth, (London: IPC Limited, 1975) in Bellamy's lifetime. Then it appeared in the American stripzine Menomonee Falls Gazette #67  (26 March 1973) - #83 (16 July 1973) - 6 daily strips on a page. The next time was by Titan Books , Garth Book One: The cloud of Balthus (1984)  and lastly Daily Mirror Monday 3 June  2013 to - Monday 29 July 2013 as a two tier reprint coloured by Martin Baines.

Want to read more? Here's a set of strips from this story featuring Garth's friend Sir John Mordant, showing the scene just before the one on sale!

WHERE?: Heritage Sunday Internet Comics Auction #121726
ENDING PRICE:$549.70 inc. buyer's premium) = £431.68
No of bids: 7
END DATE: 25 June 2017

Thursday 15 June 2017

Original Art: Garth on Heritage - Ghost Town (G106)

G106 "Ghost Town" Drawn by Frank Bellamy
"Ghost Town" story began in the Daily Mirror newspaper on 11 April 1973. The original art from one of the episodes is available from Heritage Auction and shows a lovely panoramic shot of a saloon!

Heritage describe the piece:
Frank Bellamy Garth Daily Comic Strip G.106 Original Art dated 4-5-73 (Daily Mirror, 1973). This science fiction strip had a time-travel element to it, which is why today's episode looks more like a traditional Western than the typical spy/adventure-stories of the series. Bellamy really laid on the detail in that fantastic first panel! Crafted in ink over graphite on Bristol board with an image area of 20.5" x 5.25". In Excellent condition. From the Ethan Roberts Estate Collection. 
This story ran from 11 April 1973 - 12 July 1973 (G87-G164) and was reprinted several times. The first time was in The Daily Mirror Book of Garth, (London: IPC Limited, 1975) in Bellamy's lifetime.

However when Bellamy died in July 1976 he was drawing the story "Manhunt" which had yet to appear in the Daily Mirror. Conveniently for the Editor, Mike Molloy, "The Spanish Lady" story in the newspaper was drawing to a close. He decided to run Bellamy's favourite Garth story again - giving him time to see who he could get to replace Bellamy. His successor turned out to be Martin Asbury who was with the strip until its demise many years later

Interestingly, when the Daily Mirror published all the Bellamy stories coloured by Martin Baines, this story ran not only from Saturday 24 September 2011 to 8 November 2011 but again from Friday 25 September 2015 to - Monday 9 November 2015!

"Ghost Town" was also reprinted in Garth Book Two: The women of Galba Jim Edgar, London: Titan Books, 1985. It also appeared in the brilliant stripzine Menomonee Falls Gazette #131 (17 June1974) - #157 (16 December 1974) - 6 daily strips reprinted in black and white.

Want to read more? Here's a set of 6 strips from this story
Menomonee Falls Gazette reprints

WHERE?: Heritage Sunday Internet Comics Auction #121725
ENDING PRICE:$478 inc. buyer's premium [£373.92]
No of bids: 8
END DATE: 18 June 2017

Saturday 10 June 2017

CENTENARY ARTICLE: Frank Bellamy, Odhams Press and "Ghosts"

One ghost please’  - Bellamy’s ‘first colour strip work’

John Wigmans, from the Netherlands, wrote to me a while back about a specific part of Basil Reynolds' and (we think by extension) Frank Bellamy's work in Mickey Mouse Weekly in 1954. John says Basil Reynolds wrote an autobiography of sorts: 'Of Skit and Skat And This And That'. It was published for the first time as a series in 1982/84 in Denis Gifford's ACE newsletter Comic Cuts. The complete story was reprinted in two parts in The Comic Journal (incorporating A.C.E.) issue 28 (Autumn 1994) and issue 29 (Spring 1995). The third time Basil's memoirs were published, was in Walt's People Volume 15 (2014). If you follow the link to Amazon, their "Look Inside" feature allows you to search and read a substantial part of what John mentions.

So what's the relevance to this blog - besides the fact they both worked in Mickey Mouse Weekly? Well, get ready for a genuine ghost story, or rather, a post about a colourful ‘ghost’… 

Remember Bellamy's comment from the Skinn/Gibbons interview (1973) on the strips he did for Mickey Mouse Weekly: 
FB: […] not only did I draw "Monty Carstairs" in Mickey Mouse, I also got my first colour strip work, Walt Disney's "Living Desert" in the centrespread. [Emboldening mine ~Norman

Some years ago John and I wrote about Bellamy’s True Life Adventures - The Living Desert.  We determined which instalments in the series were his, once he had taken over from the original artist Basil Reynolds in June, 1954. 
And now we can shed some new light on Bellamy’s ‘first colour strip work’, thanks to Reynolds’ autobiography.

Basil Reynolds art from "Beaver Valley",
Mickey Mouse Weekly, Aug 22, 1953
Below is the original artwork with notes scribbled by the artist

Basil Reynolds art from "Beaver Valley", Mickey Mouse Weekly, 1953
(from the collection "Home for Ducks", Vienna, Austria)
If you look closely on the black and white original art, you'll see the phrase "One ghost please" in the upper right hand corner, written in (non-reproducible) blue pencil . In his autobiography, (which John kindly forwarded) Reynolds explains:
Similarly I had no part in the actual production of the Holiday and Christmas specials, apart from sundry contributions, such as “Skit and Skat.” I imagine that credit for the original idea must go to Silvey Clarke, then the Assistant Editor, aided and abetted by the studio production team, headed by Ibby and Phyllis Thorpe. There was always a tremendous amount of work for the studio to do, especially in the production of colour pages for the weekly.
All the Walt Disney and other syndicated strips used on the four-colour pages were supplied by King Features, in black and white form. These had to be cut, sized up to fit the spaces they were to occupy in the Weekly as well as being pasted onto card. Also, at this stage, the worst Americanisms were removed from the balloons and English words and expressions substituted.
These “originals” were then sent to the photographic studio to return as “ghosts,” which were simply black and white prints shot to size on bromide paper. These prints were then pasted onto card, then each strip was hand-coloured in the studio using Kodak transparent watercolour stamps. These were perforated sheets, coated with coloured dyes and were primarily for use in tinting photographic prints. They were sent over from the States or quite often brought over by Bill Levy on frequent trips to his homeland. (I still have some of these books—pre-War vintage and often use them when working on a colour job.) The mounted and coloured strips for each issue were sent off to the printing works with the rest of the artwork but they were NOT used as originals—they were only detailed colour guides for craftsmen at Odhams photogravure works to transform into the finished product. Of course, full-colour artwork originals such as covers were treated as such and reproduced in the normal way. This process of producing colour guides was still operative when I finally left the Weekly in the 1950s. [Emboldening mine and spelling correction mine ~Norman]
If you're wondering what these Kodak stamps looked like we are in luck. I can't remember where I grabbed this images, but here they are. The books were 6 inches long

 John continues:
On his original board Basil wrote lots of instructions for the Odhams' printing works at Watford. He, and I assume Frank [Bellamy] as well, once he had taken over, wrote 'One ghost please' on his original artwork.

Now the question remains if what was eventually printed on the centrespread of Mickey Mouse Weekly, was really Basil Reynolds' / Frank Bellamy's handiwork. Or is the colouring as published in the weekly indeed done by one of the craftsmen at Odhams photogravure works, as Reynolds described? Even so, BR/FB had to produce the 'detailed colour guides' (=ghosts) first; i.e. the "Living Desert" instalments are still FB's 'first colour strip work'.

Why else would Frank say that 'not only did I draw "Monty Carstairs" in Mickey Mouse, I also got my first colour strip work, Walt Disney's "Living Desert" in the centrespread.' And remember: "This process of producing color guides was still operative when I [BR] finally left the Weekly in the 1950s." Reynolds, the Studio Manager (=art editor) left in February 1956. Prior to that FB had already moved on to Swift in July 1954. But he had had to use this method of colouring while still working for MMW.
I asked David Slinn to comment as he was there at the time, more or less, and he replied:

Relevant to the comics’ chronology, the following résumés are perhaps in the wrong order. However, explaining the separate procedures, in the context of first-hand experience, makes allowance for any apparent changes implemented since Basil Reynolds’ time on Mickey Mouse Weekly.
[i] As was briefly mentioned, one of my earliest weekly tasks in the mid-1950s was the Ben Day tint colour-guide for Tiger’s cover feature, ‘Roy of the Rovers’. Joe Colquhoun provided black and white line, twice-up, cover artwork and a continuation page (actually the comic’s back-cover); once lettered and titled, the printer’s proof – i.e. reduced in size to that of the comic’s cover – on cartridge stock, was sent back by Tiger editorial.The cover was then appropriately coloured, using watercolours/coloured inks – together with a rough copy, noting team shirts/shorts/socks and other key continuity, retained for succeeding episodes. 
Very quickly, I discovered that if you simply painted flat colour, that’s what inevitably appeared in the printed comic; while, even fairly subtle gradations, introduced into a sky area or the grass of the football pitch, would be reproduced quite accurately.So, despite realizing that many of the other Amalgamated Press weeklies appeared quite content with the former treatment – with a keen eye, on a future up the road in Hulton House – I tended to put in a bit more than was probably expected. During a night-time, burning-torch lit search, involving Roy Race and his colleague Blackie Gray, even the fresh foot-prints and flickering shadows on the winter-snow, made it onto the nation’s bookstalls.
Later on, when I had established a freelance association with Eagle and the companion titles, I was also involved with Odhams’ Zip, where the editor John N. Low had initially encouraged me to submit scripts to a series, ‘The Brainy B’s’. This led to Joe and I then being assigned to draw a number of further episodes and, also, work together on some new strip proposals for the title. Zip’s art editor, was a chap called Sandy (his surname, if it was mentioned, failed to register*), and remember being intrigued to find him in the midst of colouring a centre-spread cutaway illustration. I quickly twigged this wasn’t the actual original illustration, but a full-size photoprint of Gordon Davies’ black and white, half-up finished artwork – or a “ghost”, very similar to those John Wigmans has helpfully drawn attention to and invited observations on. [* I fear, Sandy – whoever he was – other than extremely likeable, within the year had joined Norman Williams, Raymond Sheppard and, later, Alan Stranks, in equally tragic circumstances. Being relatively young and in a different world, so to speak, I found this slightly unsettling.]
What follows is intuitive speculation on my part: but maybe, Odhams’ photogravure colour separation procedures, required the “ghost” to be “…hand-coloured…” using a limited number of specified colours – even, restricted, perchance “…to one red, one blue, one yellow, and obviously, the black.” – FB decided to adopt.

Thanks for these additions David

Original art laid against published art showing
size reduction for the published work
John then commented:

Right now I can shed some new (or additional) light on the 'ghost'-affair. As usual, the answer lies with Ebay where several original drawings by Basil R. from his "True Life Adventures" are being offered. I copied some scans and part of the description of "True Life Adventures - Olympic Elk (part 8 of 8)". This is from March 1954, close to FB's first colour strip work. As can be seen and read in the description, Basil's original drawing measures 41.4cm approx. x 25cm approx. This is board size, so the actual drawing is slightly smaller. Fortunately there is a ruler at the bottom of the images. On the original drawing someone (Basil?) wrote the reduction factor in blue pencil: 10 1/8 inch. I think this is the size for the ghost that Basil mentions: 'simply black and white prints shot to size on bromide paper'. The ruler on the scan with the published instalment gives 10" approx. (print size). Then this ghost had to be coloured [as outlined above ~Norman]
Now the questions are:
  • did FB draw his instalments of "The Living Desert" the same size as Basil? (I think he did...)
  • Would he have hand-coloured his artwork 'in the studio' or at home?
  • Is the colouring on the printed version in MMW by FB himself, or did some craftsman at Odhams use FB's hand-coloured ghost as a detailed colour guide (as Basil described the process)? This means that the printed version is one generation removed from FB's original colouring. 
Loving hearing from others,  I sent the draft of this article to David Jackson for his thoughts and he gave me some anecdotes on colouring:

One was Jim Steranko instructing the colourist, sorry, colorist that having spent endless time drawing countless Hydra figures in the background he didn't want just a wash of purple (say) over them - he wanted each figure colouring individually.  And the colorist said, "I quit!"   
The other one is a Tarzan annual where the artist/penciller/inker had drawn Tarzan at night with an ink black sky and tree branches silhouetted against a full moon.  But the colourist (not being one and the same as the artist) had completely failed to understand this and had coloured the full moon sky-blue, so that Tarzan now looks like he's crouched at the bottom of a well..!   
But to get to the point of this 'ghost' 'indication' colouring.  I had never paid enough attention to the Mickey Mouse colour pages to notice that it wasn't usual glossy colour - which we can see it isn't if attention is paid to it.  I've never heard the term 'ghost' in connection with four colour 'indication' colouring and would have never associated mechanical colour with anything other than cheap newsprint stock - an anathema to photogravure!  I'd never have imagined shelling out on photogravure only to get ostensibly flat limited colour.  I'd never thought of photogravure and colour separation in the same procedure / sentence.   I actually prefer cheap paper stock old style mechanical flat colour production of American comics to the new ghastly 'digital-airbrush color' that there is these days!   It optically conflicts with the actual artist's or artists' (penciller-inker's) linework.
David said regarding John's questions above:

  1. Regarding the size:In all probability, I'd think.  The whole process in all aspects of the production of the comic seems rigidly structured.
  2. Regarding the colouring at home: Probably at home if it needed subtle colour in an original. But the black ink linework was 'drawn for colour' - knowing in advance that it would be coloured.  As opposed to "Garth" which was not drawn for colour or intended to be coloured and looks entirely different in its original b/w to how it would have looked if it had been intended to be coloured.
  3. Regarding the colouring artist: Probably likely.  It doesn't look like recognisably FB colouring.  Could look and see if the colourists always did a standard thing with colouring the text boxes etc, whoever the artist...
ADDITION: 30 June 2017 by David Slinn:
Apropos Basil Reynolds’ eventual departure, during February 1956, from Odhams Press to the nursery titles, Tiny TotsPlayhour Pictures and Jack and Jill.  It remains unexplained, where John got hold of the idea this was “...when Mickey Mouse Weekly had been taken over by the Amalgamated Press.”  The Walt Disney title continued to be published by Odhams, until the original licensing agreement expired at the end of 1957.  As touched on before, possibly becoming aware of this major change on the horizon, Basil opted to leave.

He also added a thought on reading this original article:

The key FB question also seems to have been missed.  Was the initial experience, on the Mickey Mouse Weekly ‘The Living Desert’ feature, of having to tackle the required colour-guides involving an interim “ghost” image, responsible for the: “…one red, one blue, one yellow, and obviously, the black…” – technique he then decided to adopt?

ADDITION: 3 July 2017 by John Wigmans
And in the true spirit of the 'right to reply', John sent me this:

These are and never were my words nor conclusions nor ideas. Way back, in October 2007, I already expressed my doubts on Alan Clark's statement about the Amalgamated Press taking over MMW (in his "Dictionary of British Comic Artists, Writers and Editors"). Please refer David to the original post on the ComicsUK-forum ( There he can read all about my initial scepticism. 
Ten years after the first post, I finally had enough evidence (and confidence) to prove Clark wrong on this point. As I wrote in my last post on this subject: "Every 20 years or so the information became less reliable." I hope the above will clarify matters.

David Jackson (so many Davids write to me!)  added his thoughts, I thought worth adding the body of the text here.
Morning Norman,
Having now taken a longer look at the one "Living Desert" that I actually have a copy of and the other two v. large scans noted on the Checklist.  I don’t know what the other three look like - apparently FB drew six in all. 
Without being too dogmatic about it, to re-use a favourite phrase from a work colleague in the early seventies, there’s no way in the history of cats that Frank Bellamy had a hand in this colouring!
OK then, so for why, you might say. See the 17 July episode.
The intensity of the lurid green in the top right frame is in optical competition with the hatching linework. By any logic, it should be, I’d say, pale sky. Or why the lurid yellow in frame one? Or why is the cactus plant between the gila monster and the squirrels two different shades of flat green?
To take the one for 3 July 1954.
As with the other two Noted - FB might well have coloured the last three for all I know, not having seen them - it seems FB did the black linework and technicians did the colouring; maybe because of tight deadlines, or those in-house considered themselves the authority in terms of the technicalities of the process - whatever.
Coincidentally enough, after previously mentioning that Tarzan frame, the first indication, or clue, is the full moon. Is there any way in space or hell Frank Bellamy would either colour, or instruct anyone else to colour this, bright yellow? Never happen! Also take a look at the patch of sky to the right of the second moon - would FB ever have left that like that?
There is no other thought-out thought-through (use of colour) arrangement of lighting.
It is the same story over the whole of the piece, and the other two episodes. If it isn’t the three odd drops of orange on the owl in the first frame, it is the way the colour is applied overall.
The ‘thinking’ at the back of the colour application seems to have been: look for a discrete shape of each form, and colour all of it a different colour to other forms. This is colouring-in-book colouring by someone just colouring it in.
Would FB have coloured the different stones and ground in this way (different colours) in these episodes - when he would KNOW that the sand and the sandstone(s) should (would) be all the same local colour?
I don’t think so...

 I am very grateful to John (and both Davids) for participating so amicably in this discussion and taking the time to correct any mistakes that arise through original articles, corrections and amendments!!

Lastly I'll leave the last words - which are an aspiration, for John (and myself!):
It is a shame that none of FB's original art for MMW, "Monty Carstairs" and 6 instalments of "Living Desert", have survived...

Many thanks go to John for tracking down this obscure, but fascinating, corner of British comics!

Original Art: Garth on Heritage - the Mask of Atacama (G180)

G180 Garth: The Mask of Atacama by Frank Bellamy
"The Mask of Atacama" story began in the Daily Mirror newspaper on 13 July 1973. The original art from one of the episodes is available from Heritage Auction and shows Garth, and Atacama herself  who in her own words was "created only for your pleasure"!

Heritage describe the piece:
Frank Bellamy Garth Daily Comic Strip G-180 Original Art dated 7-31-73 (Daily Mirror, 1973). This daily strip is titled "The Mask of Atacama." Fantastic chiaroscuro artwork from Frank Bellamy at the end of his career. Produced in ink over graphite on illustration board with an image area of 20.5" x 5.25". Slight toning. In Excellent condition. From the Ethan Roberts Estate Collection. 
This story ran from 13 July 1973 - 25 October 1973 (G165-G254) and was reprinted in The Daily Mirror Book of Garth London: IPC Limited, 1976 and then in Garth Book Two: The women of Galba Jim Edgar, London: Titan Books, 1985. It was also reprinted in the American 'stripzine' Menomonee Falls Gazette #157 (16/12/1974) - #184 (23/06/1975)- 6 daily strips reprinted in black and white, in alternative issues. The latest reprint was in the Daily Mirror running from Friday 14 September 2012 to - Monday 5 November 2012 as a 2-tier reprint coloured by Martin Baines.

Want to read more? Here's a set of 6 strips from this story

Menomonee Falls Gazette reprints
WHERE?: Heritage Sunday Internet Comics Auction #121724
ENDING PRICE:$525.80 includes Buyer's Premium =£412.91
No of bids: 9
END DATE: 11 June 2017

Thursday 1 June 2017

Original Art: Garth on Heritage - the Bride of Jenghiz Khan (H231)

H231 Garth: The Bride of Jenghiz Khan by Frank Bellamy
"The Bride of Jenghiz Khan" story began in the Daily Mirror newspaper on 28 September 1974. The original art for the fourth episode is available from Heritage Auction and shows Garth, our super-strength hero as he crashes - just before time-travelling!

Heritage describe the piece:
 Frank Bellamy Garth Daily Comic Strip Original Art dated 2-10-74 (Daily Mirror, 1974). A car crash is featured in all three panels of this high contrast thriller, numbered H231. Frank Bellamy is one of the celebrated titans of British comic strip art (note the "petrol tank" reference in Panel 1). This daily has an image area of 20.5" x 5.25", and the art is in Excellent condition. From the Ethan Roberts Estate Collection.

This story ran from 28 September 1974 - 14 January 1975 (H228-J1) and was reprinted in Garth: Bride of Jenghiz Khan (Daily Strips No. 1). London: J. Dakin, P. Hudson and G. Lawley, May 1979 which was an A5 sized reprint of 20 pages. It was also coloured (by Martin Baines)  in the Daily Mirror from Tuesday 19 February 2013 to Wednesday 10 April 2013 and lastly as Garth: Bride of Jenghiz Khan published by All Devon Comic Collectors Club Daily Strips: Collectors Club Editions No.1 [No date] 

Want to read more? Here's a few strips before and after the one on sale (Taken from the late and very lamented "All Devon Comic Collectors Club Daily Strips")

First five episodes of Jim Edgar and Frank Bellamy's story

WHERE?: Heritage Sunday Internet Comics Auction #121723
ENDING PRICE:$382.40 inc. Buyer's premium = £300.30
No of bids: 9
END DATE: 4 June 2017